Where does bladder cancer first spread to?

Where does bladder cancer first spread to? When bladder cancer spreads, it first invades the bladder wall, which is made up of four distinct layers. It can take some time for cancer to penetrate all of these layers, but once it has, it can then spread into the surrounding fatty tissues and lymph nodes.

What is life expectancy for bladder cancer? 

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.

5-year relative survival rates for bladder cancer.

SEER Stage 5-year Relative Survival Rate
Distant 6%
All SEER stages combined 77%

What is the number one symptom of bladder cancer? In most cases, blood in the urine (called hematuria) is the first sign of bladder cancer. There may be enough blood to change the color of the urine to orange, pink, or, less often, dark red.

Is bladder cancer usually fatal? Survival for all stages of bladder cancer

Generally, for people diagnosed with bladder cancer in England: around 75 out of every 100 (around 75%) survive their cancer for 1 year or more after diagnosis. almost 55 out of every 100 (almost 55%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they are diagnosed.

Where does bladder cancer first spread to? – Additional Questions

Does bladder cancer spread quickly?

Note: ‘Bladder carcinoma in situ’ is a specific type of bladder cancer. It is an early stage cancer but is always high grade. This means it can grow quickly and might spread.

Can bladder cancer be completely cured?

Follow-up and outlook after treatment

The outlook for people with stage 0a (non-invasive papillary) bladder cancer is very good. These cancers can be cured with treatment. During long-term follow-up care, more superficial cancers are often found in the bladder or in other parts of the urinary system.

What are the chances of surviving bladder cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed. The 5-year survival rate of people with bladder cancer that has not spread beyond the inner layer of the bladder wall is 96%.

Is bladder cancer a death sentence?

Bladder cancer is not a death sentence. With chemotherapy and a healthy lifestyle, many people have recovered and are enjoying life cancer-free. After years of successful treatment for bladder cancer, the medical industry has learned a lot about bladder cancer.

How long can you live with bladder cancer that has spread?

Patients who present with metastatic bladder cancer generally have a poor prognosis, surviving only very few months (1). However, some patients may live considerably longer. If a patient is able to withstand palliative chemotherapy, their remaining lifetime may be extended with systemic treatments.

Can you live 10 years with bladder cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer (i.e., the percentage of patients who would be expected to survive the effects of their bladder cancer for 5 years or more) is 77%, while the 10-year survival rate is 70% and the 15-year survival rate is 65%1.

Can you live for 20 years after bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer survival rates by stage

According to the American Cancer Society , the relative survival rates for all stages of bladder cancer are: 5 years: 77 percent. 10 years: 70 percent. 15 years: 65 percent.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Smoking. Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.

What is the most effective treatment for bladder cancer?

Chemotherapy for the whole body (systemic chemotherapy), to increase the chance for a cure in a person having surgery to remove the bladder, or as a primary treatment when surgery isn’t an option. Radiation therapy, to destroy cancer cells, often as a primary treatment when surgery isn’t an option or isn’t desired.

What’s the latest treatment for bladder cancer?

In 2020, the FDA approved the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio) for people with advanced bladder cancer that has shrunk or stopped growing after receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.

What are the odds that a tumor in the bladder is cancerous?

Risk of bladder cancer

Overall, the chance men will develop this cancer during their life is about 1 in 27. For women, the chance is about 1 in 89.

Can bladder cancer be removed?

When bladder cancer is invasive, all or part of the bladder may need to be removed. This operation is called a cystectomy. Most of the time, chemotherapy is given before cystectomy is done. General anesthesia (where you are in a deep sleep) is used for either type of cystectomy.

How long do you live after bladder removal?

Patients in group 1 achieved a progression-free 5-year survival rate of 77% and an overall survival rate of 63% after 5 years. In group 2 patients achieved a progression-free survival rate of 51% after 5 years and an overall survival rate of 50%.

Can cancer come back after bladder removal?

For other people, bladder cancer might never go away completely or might come back in another part of the body. Some people may get regular treatment with chemotherapy , immunotherapy, or other treatments to try to keep the cancer in check.

Can you live a normal life after bladder removal?

It can affect your body image, and you may worry about its impact on your relationships and sex life. With enough time, you should be able to do almost everything you did before. Even if you now use a urostomy bag (to collect your urine), you can go back to work, exercise, and swim.

What can you not do after bladder surgery?

Avoid strenuous activities, such as bicycle riding, jogging, weight lifting, or aerobic exercise, for about 3 weeks, or until your doctor says it is okay. For about 3 weeks, avoid lifting anything that would make you strain.

What is life like after bladder removal?

After leaving the hospital, the person should expect to take several weeks for recovery. During this time, their body is healing from the surgery, so they should only perform light activities. After 4–6 weeks, doctors will usually allow a person who has had their bladder removed to resume normal activities.